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Hungary Fact Sheet

  • Hungary is a landlocked country with Slovakia to the north, Romania to the east, Serbia to the south, Croatia to the south-west, Slovenia to the west, Austria to the north-west and Ukraine to the north-east.
  • Capital of Hungary is Budapest which is the country’s most popular tourist attraction. The official language is Hungarian and its currency is Hungarian Forint. Population of Hungary is around 10 million and the female to male ratio is higher.
  • Hungary was a part of the Imperial territories ruled by the House of Habsburg which was one of the most important Royal Houses of Europe. It is believed that the first significant attempt to topple the rule of Habsburg was initiated in Hungary.
  • Rubik’s Cube, a 3-D combination puzzle was invented in 1974 by a Hungarian Professor of Architecture named Erno Rubik. It was originally called as Magic Cube.
  • Hungary is known as the land of thermal waters.
  • International tourism in Hungary grew by 17.5% in the first half of 2015 as per the data provided by the World Tourism Organization. It is the only Central European country to post growth on such a scale.
  • www.friendlyhungary.com is an initiative of Hungarian Tourism Ltd. to show the country’s special culture, history, nature, tradition, etc through photographs clicked by them and also by the tourists visiting Hungary.
  • Hungarian fencer AladarGerevich, known as the greatest Olympic swordsman won gold in six Olympics.
  • Hungary has the highest ratio of Nobel Prize winners per capita in the world.
  • The first railway line in Hungary was built between Vac and Budapest.
  • The banks of the river Danube and the Castle district in Budapest have been granted World Heritage status.
  • The Dohany Street Synagogue is the largest in Europe and the second largest in the world and it contains 3000 seats.
  • Heroes’ Square is the most iconic city square in Budapest.
  • Heviz has one of the most well known spas in Hungary. Together with the surrounding district it is a nature reserve.
  • The Hortobagy National Park has a World Heritage status. The fish farm at the Hortobagy is one of the largest in the world.
  • First Vedic church of the believers of the Krishna Consciousness in Hungary was founded in Somogyvamos. The Indian Cultural Centre is located at 38 High Street.
  • Important Hungarian personalities include Michael Curtiz, Drew Barrymore, Paul Newman, Estee Lauder, Calvin Klein, Paul Simon, Nicolas Sarkozy, Leo Szilard, and many more.
  • Inventions made in Hungary are Ballpoint Pen, Plasma TV, Electric Motor, Turbo Prop, Telephone Exchange, Transfomers, Dynamo, etc.
  • Amrita Sher-Gil is an eminent painter of her times, born to a Punjabi Sikh father and a Hungarian Jewish mother, who is also known as India’s Frida Kahlo. She is considered to be the most important woman painter of 20th Century India.
  • The Tagore promenade in Balatonfured, Lake Balaton is named after Rabindranath Tagore, Nobel Prize winner and World renowned Indian poet.

 

Contents

Foreword

Consul General Speaks

Budapest Through Pictures

Hungary Beyond Budapest

Hungary Fact Sheet

Highlights of Hungary and Central Europe

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